This month, there are millions of French-speakers around the globe who are observing the holy month of Ramadan. This is a very important month within the Muslim community. It is one of prayer and peace, involving fasting, charity, and reflection, and ending in a celebration of their community. ARound the world today, roughly 1.6 billion Muslims will be observing Ramadan. Let’s take a look at what Ramadan is, how it’s observed, and the way we can discuss Ramadan in French. What is Ramadan?
Ramadan, as mentioned, is a time of fasting and reflection. It is the ninth month of the Islamic lunar calendar and as such depends upon the moon. Adults abstain from impurities during the hours of daylight - food, drink, anger, and impure thoughts. The hours of daylight are from sunrise to sunset. The morning meal is suhur, eaten before the sun rises. Iftar is the meal which completes the daily fast after Maghrib.
‘Muslim Hands’ explains that ‘fasting allows the individual to understand the pain and suffering of millions around the world who live their lives in poverty and famine, leaving the participant feeling more grounded and grateful for all that Allah (SWT) has given them.’ Fasting throughout Ramadan, called Sawm, is the fourth of the Five Pillars of Islam as outlined in the Qur’an.
Of course, this does not apply to adults who, due to health reasons, are not able to fast. However, even those who cannot fast can observe Ramadan in charitable actions, good deeds, and in prayer.
Additionally, the Third Pillar of Islam is charity, or Zakat, and it is a crucial aspect of Ramadan. This perhaps should be expected, as Ramadan is about connecting with Allah, refl